India has an honor of being a country of sub-continent which is one of the richest places in the world in terms of cultural heritage and traditions. India is one of the most popular tourists’ destinations all over the world because of its historical buildings and monuments as well as its diversified culture, languages and traditions. Some of its historical landmarks are described below which are the most popular monuments among the tourists.
Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India that is most visited tourists’ destination because of its marvelous architecture. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and is located across the Red Fort in Delhi. It is a testimony of Mughal Emperors’ commitment towards their religion and traditions as thousands of Muslims pray in this mosque daily.
This structure is 42 meters high and made of red sand stone and granite. It has the names of the soldiers adorned on it who participated and died in World War I. It is located in the heart of Indian capital New Delhi and has become a national monument of India.
The Lotus Temple is called so because of its flower like shape. It was built in 1986. It is a Bahai House of Worship and due to its unique architectural design, it has won various awards. It was built in 1986 and has become one of the most well-known attractions in Delhi. It is located in the South of Delhi having acres of gardens in its surroundings.
Red Fort is also commonly known as Lal Qila. This fort is in the shape of an asymmetrical octagon and is located along the river Yamuna. A 2.4km wall made of red stone surrounds this fort. This fort was also constructed by Shah Jahan after he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. This fort displays a high level of art work which is a synthesis of European, Persian and Indian art. The fort has two main entrances; the Delhi Gate and Lahori Gate. The Lahori Gate faces the famous Chandni Chowk of Delhi which is crowded and assorted market.
Taj Mahal is built on the Southern bank of Yamuna River. It is actually a mausoleum that is located in Agra. It was also constructed by Shah Jahan in the remembrance of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It is considered as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and it is a sign of everlasting love. This building has an arch-shaped doorway having a large dome. This dome is made of marble and it is the most prominent feature of this building which is often called onion dome or guava dome. The top of it is decorated with lotus design. This lotus motif is also repeated on chattris and guldastas also. The chattris are actually kiosks which are placed at the corner of the building and guldstas are tall spires that extend from edges of walls.
It is another temple that displays the beauty of Indian architecture. It was built in 13th century and designed in the shape of massive chariot, carrying the Sun god; named Suriya. There are 24 wheels of chariot that represent the distribution of time. This temple is worth-seeing as it has been made beautifully.
Ajanta caves were discovered in 19th century. Located in the state of Maharashtra, these caves have the paintings and sculptures that are a masterpiece of Buddhist religious art. These caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since the year 1983.
This temple is also known as Darbar Sahib or Hari Mandir Sahib. It is actually a Sikh Gurdwara that is located in Amritsar, Punjab. The dome of this temple is covered with a gold leaf and the interiors of temple are decorated with precious stones in a floral design.
These were some historical landmarks in India which deserve to be seen more than once in your life time.